Stanlow Refinery – Ellesmere Port, England 2013
Investigators said the blast occurred after flammable hydrocarbons had entered an unused furnace. Heat from an adjacent furnace then caused the equipment to explode. Firefighters extinguished the blaze promptly, but the refinery, England’s second-largest, was forced to halt production for two weeks. The facility’s operator, Essar Oil Ltd., pleaded guilty in 2017 to violating hazard-control regulations and was fined GBP 1.65 million (USD 1.2 million) plus legal fees of GBP 57,645. The incident inflicted damages estimated at USD 150 million.