Amuay Refinery – Punto Fijo, Venezuela, 2012
A ferocious fire ravaged Venezuela’s biggest refinery, killing at least 47 people, wounding at least 151 and halting operations at the facility. Investigators blamed the disaster on a faulty pump that allowed gas to leak, forming a vapor cloud that ignited and exploded. Eleven storage tanks were destroyed or damaged. A USD 23 million fund was created to help cover cleanup costs and replace more than 200 damaged homes. It took four days for firefighters to quash the flames, resulting in a loss of 105 million liters of product. Damages at the refinery alone were seen at $1.1 billion.