Incidents 2012-2014

Incidents 2012-2014 2018-08-15T15:58:01+00:00
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Incidents 2001-2005
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Incidents 2009-2011
Incidents 2015-2017

2012

Amuay Refinery – Punto Fijo, Venezuela

Amuay Refinery – Punto Fijo, Venezuela, 2012

A ferocious fire ravaged Venezuela’s biggest refinery, killing at least 47 people, wounding at least 151 and halting operations at the facility. Investigators blamed the disaster on a faulty pump that allowed gas to leak, forming a vapor cloud that ignited and exploded. Eleven storage tanks were destroyed or damaged. A USD 23 million fund was created to help cover cleanup costs and replace more than 200 damaged homes. It took four days for firefighters to quash the flames, resulting in a loss of 105 million liters of product. Damages at the refinery alone were seen at $1.1 billion.

2012

Nasr Oil Company – Suez, Egypt

Nasr Oil Company – Suez, Egypt 2012

An explosion and fire raged through one of Egypt’s biggest refineries, killing two people and injuring 72. The blaze lasted for four days, consuming 24 million liters of product and destroying at least two storage tanks. Damages were estimated at USD 30 million.

2012

BST Elastomers Factory – Map Ta Phut, Thailand

BST Elastomers Factory – Map Ta Phut, Thailand 2012

An explosion tore through this rubber plant while workers were cleaning out a storage tank using toulene, a highly flammable solvent. Emergency workers extinguished the ensuing blaze within a few hours; however, nine people were killed on site and three others died in hospital. At least 129 people sustained injuries and authorities ordered thousands of nearby residents to evacuate. Property damages were estimated at USD 143 million.

2012

Bangchak Petroleum Refinery – Bangkok, Thailand

Bangchak Petroleum Refinery – Bangkok, Thailand 2012

A suspected oil leak triggered an explosion and fire that severely damaged the plant’s crude-distillation unit. The incident forced the plant to shut down for several weeks and drove down production to 80,000 barrels/day, roughly two-thirds of the refinery’s capacity. Investigators put property damages at USD 140 million.

2013

IOC Hazira Terminal – Ichapur, India

IOC Hazira Terminal – Ichapur, India 2013

Three people were killed in a fire that broke out in a storage tank at this Indian Oil Corporation terminal. The blaze spread to a second petroleum tank. Firefighters brought the flames under control after more than 24 hours. The conflagration destroyed 75,000 barrels of product and inflicted estimated losses of USD 16 million.

2013

Puerto La Cruz Refinery – Anzoategui, Venezuela

Puerto La Cruz Refinery – Anzoategui, Venezuela, 2013

Lightning hit a storage tank, igniting a fire that forced authorities to evacuate the surrounding area. The blaze was extinguished after four hours.

2013

Williams Olefins Plant – Geismar, Louisiana

Williams Olefins Plant – Geismar, Louisiana 2013

An explosion and fire ripped through the plant, killing two people and injuring 167. The blast caused an estimated USD 102 million in property damage and USD 384 million in business interruption. Total losses were estimated at USD 580 million. Juries awarded a combined USD 30 million to the first eight workers who sued for damages, concluding that officials at both the plant and its parent company had been negligent and knew with substantial certainty that a deadly fire could occur.

2013

Stanlow Refinery – Ellesmere Port, England

Stanlow Refinery – Ellesmere Port, England 2013

Investigators said the blast occurred after flammable hydrocarbons had entered an unused furnace. Heat from an adjacent furnace then caused the equipment to explode. Firefighters extinguished the blaze promptly, but the refinery, England’s second-largest, was forced to halt production for two weeks. The facility’s operator, Essar Oil Ltd., pleaded guilty in 2017 to violating hazard-control regulations and was fined GBP 1.65 million (USD 1.2 million) plus legal fees of GBP 57,645. The incident inflicted damages estimated at USD 150 million.

2013

YPF La Plata Refinery – Ensenada, Argentina

YPF La Plata Refinery – Ensenada, Argentina 2013

A coke oven at Argentina’s biggest refinery caught fire amid torrential rains that had disrupted the facility’s systems. Firefighters brought the flames under control in six hours. The blaze destroyed the coke furnace and also damaged a distillation unit. Production dropped by as much as 45%. At the end of 2014, YPF recorded insurance payouts of USD 556 million for damaged facilities and business interruption stemming from the fire.

2014

Milazzo Oil Refinery – Sicily, Italy

Milazzo Oil Refinery – Sicily, Italy 2014

A fire broke out during nighttime maintenance work. Firefighters kept the fire under control for 14 hours until it had consumed all 86,000 liters of product. Experts estimated total damages at USD 1.6 million.

2014

Midwest Fuel Plant – La Crosse, Wisconsin

Midwest Fuel Plant – La Crosse, Wisconsin 2014

A malfunctioning gauge led to an explosion at a 132,000-gallon (500,000-liter) tank, which contained around 7,000 gallons of an asphalt-diesel fuel mixture. One person suffered minor injuries in the blast. Experts estimated total costs at around USD 200,000.

2014

Port of Es Sider – Ras Lanuf, Libya

Port of Es Sider – Ras Lanuf, Libya 2014

Libya Dawn, a pro-Islamist coalition, fired rockets at Libya’s biggest oil port from speedboats, igniting an oil tank and killing at least 19 soldiers. The blaze spread to seven tanks. Despite firefighters’ best efforts, the flames persisted for more than a week until all 295 million liters of fuel had burned out and the tanks were destroyed. Total damages were estimated at USD 305 million. Fighting between government forces and militias at the end of 2014 reduced Libya’s crude output to 352,000 barrels a day.

2014

SAMIR Refinery – Mohammedia, Morocco

SAMIR Refinery – Mohammedia, Morocco 2014

This blaze resulted from a gas leak that occurred while workers were performing a liquefied propane-filling operation. It quickly spread to two storage tanks, destroying both of them. One worker died and two suffered severe burns. Experts estimated property damages at USD 15 million.

2014

YPF Cerro Divisadero Plant – Mendoza, Argentina

YPF Cerro Divisadero Plant – Mendoza, Argentina 2014

A fire swept over six of the 10 oil tanks at this crude-treatment facility. The blaze raged for three days with such ferocity that it partially melted the containers. Seventeen people were injured. YPF was forced to halt operations at the Mendoza plant, which had been responsible for 3.8% of the state-owned company’s output. Property damages were seen at USD 180 million.

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