Incidents 2009-2011

Incidents 2009-2011 2018-08-15T15:56:10+00:00
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Incidents 2001-2005
Incidents 2006-2008
Incidents 2012-2014
Incidents 2015-2017

2009

Caribbean Petroleum Corp. Refinery – Bayamon, Puerto Rico

Caribbean Petroleum Corp. Refinery – Bayamon, Puerto Rico 2009

Due to a faulty gauge, refinery workers did not notice that an overfilled fuel tank was emitting deadly vapor. The fumes caught fire, causing an explosion equivalent to a 2.8-magnitude earthquake. The flames spread to fuel containers, raging for 66 hours until there was no more material left to burn. The catastrophe destroyed 20 tanks, damaged another 12, and battered hundreds of homes and businesses in a 2km radius. The Fort Buchanan military facility suffered over USD 5 million in damages. In addition, 136 million liters of petroleum were released into the environment. The Caribbean Petroleum Corporation, facing an estimated USD 200 million in damages, filed for bankruptcy in 2010.

2009

IOC Terminal Jaipur – Mohanpura, India

IOC Terminal Jaipur – Mohanpura, India 2009

An explosion ripped through the Indian Oil Corporation depot, unleashing a fire in a giant tank. The incident occurred while workers were transferring gasoline from the depot to a pipeline. Flames raged on for 11 days, killing 12 people and injuring at least 300. Police arrested nine senior company officials including the general manager on charges of criminal negligence. The fire resulted in the loss of 18 million liters of petroleum, 2 million liters of kerosene, 40 million liters of high-speed diesel, and 2.8 million liters of interface. Total estimated losses came to INR 18 billion (USD 280 million).

2010

BOPEC Terminal – Bonaire, Dutch Antilles

BOPEC Terminal – Bonaire, Dutch Antilles, 2010

Two tanks caught fire during an electrical storm. Firefighters battled the blaze for three days but could not extinguish it until the tank had burned out. The incident resulted in the loss of 32 million liters of naphtha and caused estimated financial damages of USD 35 million. Dutch investigators later reported that the plant’s firefighting system was not working due to improper maintenance.

2010

Colonial Pipelines – Greensboro, North Carolina

Colonial Pipelines – Greensboro, North Carolina 2010

A tank containing 20,000 barrels of gasoline was hit by lightning and caught fire. Firefighters worked for six hours to contain the blaze, which eventually burned itself out. Total damages were estimated at USD 3.5 million.

2011

Pembroke Refinery – Pembroke, Wales

Pembroke Refinery – Pembroke, Wales 2011

Four people were killed and one injured following an explosion in a 730m3 storage tank where maintenance was being carried out. The resulting fire damaged at least two tanks at the facility, which was owned by Chevron at the time. Fire crews backed by 10 fire engines brought the incident under control in 90 minutes. Total damages were estimated at USD 1.6 million.

2011

Algeciras Bay Fuel Depot – Gibraltar

Algeciras Bay Fuel Depot – Gibraltar, 2011

Welders performing maintenance work in this empty storage tank were apparently unaware that fuel residues can be as deadly as the fuel itself. The heat from their torches ignited the diesel dregs left behind in the container, setting off an explosion that unleashed a huge fire. The flames soon spread to a second tank. Firefighters battled the blaze for two days, but were unable to stop it from destroying both tanks and consuming every drop of the 2.5 million liters of fuel therein. Fuel also spilled into the Algeciras Bay, contaminating several beaches. The total cost of the incident was estimated at USD 2 million.

2011

Horizon Primary Upgrader – Fort McKay, Canada

Horizon Primary Upgrader – Fort McKay, Canada 2011

An explosion ripped through the plant, injuring five workers. A fire then started on top of a coke drum, lasting nearly four hours. Authorities decided the safest course of action was to let the fire burn itself out. The value of insured losses was estimated at USD 600 million.

2011

JX Nippon Refinery – Sendai, Japan

JX Nippon Refinery – Sendai, Japan 2011

A tsunami devastated this facility in the wake of the most powerful earthquake in Japan’s history. Investigators believe the wall of water sent tanker trucks crashing into an oil-shipping facility, which in turn ignited fuel that was floating on the water’s surface. Firefighters were unable to reach the blaze for three days due to warnings of additional tsunamis. The flames completely destroyed a gasoline tank, asphalt tanks, molten-sulfur tanks and the oil-shipping facility. Property damages were estimated at USD 590 million.

2011

Royal Dutch Shell Refinery – Pulau Bukom, Singapore

Royal Dutch Shell Refinery – Pulau Bukom, Singapore 2011

A blaze erupted in a pump house where workers were de-oiling naphtha from a pipeline. Automatic extinguishers blanketed the area with foam and firefighters blasted it with water, but the flames persisted for 32 hours. The operation involved more than 100 firefighters, 13 fire engines and 21 support vehicles. Shell was forced to shutter its biggest plant and did not resume full operations for more than two months. A year after the disaster, Shell pleaded guilty to safety violations and was fined SGD 80,000 (USD 65,573). Property damage was estimated at USD 150 million.

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