Incidents 2001-2005
Incidents 2009-2011
Incidents 2012-2014
Incidents 2015-2017
Incidents 2018


ISAB Nord Refinery – Priolo Gargallo, Italy

ISAB Nord Refinery – Priolo Gargallo, Italy 2006

A fire erupted after a pipe carrying crude oil sprung a leak. While firefighters initially were able to contain the flames, excessive heat caused additional pipelines to explode, prompting authorities to shut down the refinery and adjacent industrial plants The blaze lasted two days, injuring six people. Experts estimated property damages at USD 110 million.


Mazeikiu Nafta – Mazeikiu, Lithuania

Mazeikiu Nafta – Mazeikiu, Lithuania 2006

Flames ravaged Lithuania’s only refinery after an old vacuum-distillation unit caught fire, allowing a column to collapse onto a heat-exchange train. As many as 100 firefighters battled the blaze through the night. Analysts put property damages as high as USD 142.9 million.


Engen Refinery – Durban, South Africa

Engen Refinery – Durban, South Africa 2007

Lighting hit a tank containing 7.5 million liters of refined petrol, igniting a blaze. The floating roof and seals collapsed into the tank. Firemen struggled against strong winds as the flames lingered on for five days. When it was all over, the fire had consumed 60 percent of the tank’s contents and inflicted losses of about USD 9.7 million. It was the second major fire to hit the Durban area in less than two months.


Gary-Williams Refinery – Wynnewood, Oklahoma

Gary-Williams Refinery – Wynnewood, Oklahoma 2007

A storage tank holding 8,000 barrels of naphtha burst into flames when lighting struck. The fire persisted through the day, spreading to a second tank that evening. It took firefighters two days to put out the fire, the second to hit the Wynnewood facility in a year. The refinery lost 25 million liters of naphtha, 14 million liters of diesel and 25 million liters of gasoline. Total financial losses came to around USD 15 million.


Chevron Refinery – Pascagoula, Mississippi

Chevron Refinery – Pascagoula, Mississippi 2007

Authorities decided that the safest way to extinguish this fire was a “controlled burnout.” In other words, they allowed the flames to continue until they had consumed all the flammable material. Estimated property damages were as high as USD 230 million.


Shin-Etsu Chemical Factory – Joetsu, Japan

Shin-Etsu Chemical Factory – Joetsu, Japan 2007

Static electricity at a methylcellulose facility sparked a powder-dust explosion and a fire. Firefighters extinguished the flames seven hours later, but were unable to prevent the blaze from destroying most of a four-story building. Seventeen people were injured and authorities suspended operations at the unit for two months. Property damage was estimated at USD 240 million.


Tanjung Langsat Port – Johor, Malaysia

Tanjung Langsat Port – Johor, Malaysia 2008

A fire broke out in a 16,000-ton gasoline tank. The next day, the intense heat caused an adjacent tank containing naphthalene to ignite. Firefighters attempted to extinguish the blaze by pumping in water from the sea, to no avail. The flames burned on for 67 hours, dying out only after they had consumed all the tanks’ contents – 17.8 million liters of unleaded petrol and 8 million liters of naphthalene. Total damages were estimated at USD 40 million.


Alon USA Refinery – Big Spring, Texas

Alon USA Refinery – Big Spring, Texas 2008

This fire erupted after a propylene tank released vapor that came into contact with refinery equipment, causing an explosion. Firefighters brought the blaze under control about an hour after it started, but the blast inflicted severe damage on the facility as well as homes and businesses in the surrounding area. Five people were injured. Juries found Alon USA liable for negligence and awarded victims compensation for their damaged properties. Total property losses were estimated at USD 380 million.


Ras Lanuf Oil Complex – Ras Lanuf, Libya

Ras Lanuf Oil Complex – Ras Lanuf, Libya 2008

A storage tank went up in flames during routine maintenance operations. The blaze was blamed on hot work. Some 1,000 firefighters managed to contain the blaze to a single tank, but were unable to extinguish it for more than nine days. The fire destroyed 60,000m3 of crude oil. Total damages were estimated at USD 50 million.


Bakersfield Explosion – California

Bakersfield Explosion – California 2008

Three oil tanks exploded at a facility southeast of Bakersfield. Fire officials decided to let the fires burn themselves out at two large tanks and one smaller tank. Total damages were estimated at USD 600,000.